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英语四级听力长对话猜题技巧

  锦囊妙计1:话题与场景的判断——第一个话轮中的核心词汇揭示答案

  在长对话中,第一个话轮(尤其是对话的第~句话)往往引出话题,很可能是对话的主题所在,也是回答主旨、话题以及场景题的依据所在。简而言之,即:第一个话轮中(尤其是对话的第一句话)所包含的(核心)单词就是答案的依据。正确的答案往往是:①该单词的重现;②该单词的同义替换;③由该单词所能得出的自然的推论。

  【例1】A)Te go boating on the St.Lawrence River.

  B) To go sightseeing in Quebec Province.

  C)To call on a friend.in Quebec City.

  D)To attend a wedding in Montreal.

  【录音】W:Hey,Bob,guess wharf I'm going to visit Quebec next summer

  M:I'm invited to go to a friend's wedding.But while I'm there I'd.also like to do some sightseeing.

  Q:What's the woman's main purpose of visiting Quebec? [2006.12/T19]

  【解析】通过选项可知,本题问的是“话题”女士去Quebec的目的。读题时要把握各选项间的差异:四个选项的中心词分别是go boating,go sightseeing, call on a friend和attend a wedding。带着这些内容听对话,并要特别关注对话的第一个话轮。本对话的第三句话说:“我被邀请参加一个朋友的婚礼。”由此可以推断出正确答案是D。

  【例2】A)Secretary of Birmingham Medical School.

  B) Head of the Overseas Students Office.

  C) Assistant Director of the Admissions Office.

  D) An employee in the city council at Birmingham.

  【录音】M: Sarah, you work in the admissions office, don't you?

  W: Yes, I, mmm, I've been here ten years as an assistant director.

  Q: What is the woman's present position? [2007.6/T23]

  【解析】名词选项题,可以判断,本题问某个人的身份。本题若听到了男士的admission 0ffice或女士话语中的assistant director,便可迅速判定答案为C。

  由上面这些题目可以看出。长对话的第一题很可能就会针对对话的第一个话轮(尤其是第一句话)提问,涉及整个对话的主题或者话题。换言之,只要听懂了第一个话轮(或者第一句话),长对话题的第一题基本上就有把握了。

  锦囊妙计2:问答中的细节——听到什么选什么

  长对话细节题具有与短文、短对话都不一样的特点。短对话也考查细节题,但是,选项与对话中的内容往往是同义替换的关系,而原词或与原词发音相近的词常常被用来充作干扰项,也就是说,一般不能“听到什么就选什么”,反而要“听到什么就不选什么”。而在长对话中,其细节题出题原则稍有变化:正确选项一般都是对话中的原词(语义)再现。很有用同音、音近词作干扰项的情形。虽然从这一点来看。长对话与短文听力考试都是一样的,但是,长对话与短文相比又另有优势:在长对话中,对话双方往往是一问一答,而且考试题目

  常常与对话中的问题一致。只要在读题阶段能够准确地判断出问题,那么就很有可能在对话中听到预期的问题.从而对即将到来的应答语也就是答案做到选择性地听取。当然并非长对话题中所有细节题都是与对话中的问题一样的;实际上.其细节考查大多数同短文一样,也是融于对话双方的话语之中的。

  简而言之,在长对话中,包含实际意义的问答内容(尤其是特殊疑问句)往往是细节题的考查要点。答题的基本原则是听到什么选什么。

  【例3】A) It was free of charge on weekends.

  B) It was offered to frequent guests only.

  C) It had a 15% discount on weekdays,

  D) It was 10% cheaper than in other hotels.

  【录音】M: Hey, isn't the breakfast free anyway?

  W: Well, only on weekends.

  Q: What did the clerk say about breakfast in the hotel?

  [2007.6/T21]

  【解析】问题与对话中的问题一致。听到什么选什么。答案为A。

  【例4】A) She doesn't really know where they originated.

  B) She mainly drew on stories of ancient saints.

  C) They popped out of her childhood dreams.

  D) They grew out of her long hours of thinking.

  【录音】M: Where did the ideas for the Harry Potter books come from?

  W: I've no idea where the ideas came from. And…

  Q: According to Miss Rowling, where did she get the ideas for the

  Harry Potter books? [2006.12/T25]

  【解析】问题与对话中的问题完全一致。没有出现音近干扰的选项,因此,尽管正确答案与原文的实际用词不完全一致。也属于“听到什么就选什么”。答案为A。

  锦囊妙计3:由结尾处的核心词锁定答案

  在长对话的最后一题中,如果四个选项都是动词原形、动词不定式或者现在分词,往往涉及到对话者的建议、正在或将要采取的行动。一般来说,对话结尾处的建议句型是考查要点。对于这种建议题,解题的关键在于抓住建议句型中的谓语动词,理解其含义。该动词原形或者其同义替换词组就是正确答案。

  对话结尾处当然并不都是在提建议,但是,结尾处的核心词有助于揭示对话场景,可以回答有关下一步行动以及对话主旨等题目。这样的词汇往往令人记忆深刻,是答案所在。换言之,做题时要相信第一感觉,若无确切把握,最好不轻易改动答案。

  【例5】A) Changing her major.

  B) Spending less of her parents' money.

  C) Getting transferred to the English Department.

  D) Leaving the university.

  【录音】W: …but I am beginning to feel that I'm wasting my time and their money. They would be so disappointed, though, if I told them I was quitting.

  Q: What is Karen thinking of doing? [2006.6/T25]

  【解析】根据选项可预测,题目询问她打算做什么。根据最后一句中的quit,可知答案为D,其中的leave是quit的近义词。

  【例6】A) She will have more contact with students.

  B) She will be more involved in policy-making.

  C) It will be less demanding than her present job.

  D) It will bring her capability into fuller play.

  【录音】W: Oh, yeah, from October 1, I'll be doing an entirely different job. There's going to be more committee work. I mean, more policy work, and less dealing with students, unfortunately-I'll miss my contact with students.

  Q: What will the woman's new job be like? [2007.6/T25]

  【解析】A、B选项以she开头,说“她”将要“更多地”(more)做什么工作;C、D以it开头,说“它”将更容易做,或将才能。由C的比较句来看,it应该也是指job,甚至是future job(与present job相对,用将来时态)。可见,本题问女士将要从事的工作的内容、情况。对话结尾处女士说.10月1日开始她就要做完全不同的工作,会有更多政策性工作,而学生工作会减少。B与此相符,为正确答案。