导航

上海新东方英语六级写作笔记IV

  第四课——图表

  重点:

  一般数据V.S.极端数据

  相同之处V.S.相异之处

  静态数据V.S.动态数据

  词汇:

  Nouns Verbs Phrase Adj. & Adv.

  上升 Growth

  Rise

  Surge Ascend

  Climb

  Go up

  Grow

  Level up

  Mount

  Rise

  Shoot up

  Sore Increase up to

  Reach a peak

  Reach the highest point

  Reach/increase a top

  Be in the ascendance Upward

  下降 Decrease

  Plunge

  Reduction Descend

  Go down

  Lessen

  Level down

  Plunge

  Reduce

  Shrink

  Sink

  Fall

  Drop

  Touch the bottom

  Go downhill

  Be on the decline

  Be on the reduction

  Downward

  稳定 Bottom

  Summit Be similar to

  keep Maintain

  Be the same as

  Remain

  Stabilize Have the largest percentage

  Occupy the lion’s share Moderate

  Slow

  不稳定 Peak

  Change

  Fluctuation

  Rise and Change

  Fluctuate

  Vary between … and … Drastic

  Rapid

  数据法应用

  1. SUBJECT + VERB + ADVERB

  The number of (sth.) increased / jumped / rose | decreased / dropped / fell / fluctuated || slightly / steadily / gradually / slowly | suddenly / rapidly / significantly / dramatically / sharply / steeply || from (June) to (December) / between (June) and (December) / in the past …

  The number was / reached / increased to / decreased to 2000.

  The number increased by 100 from 200 to 300.

  2. THERE BE ADJECTIVE + NOUN

  There was a significant increase / a sharp decrease / a fluctuation between 100 and 200 / little change in the number of television licenses from 1957 to 1974

  3. The Diagram + VERB

  The diagram / graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / picture || says / tells / releases / proves / shows / indicates / demonstrates || that (No.1) / a sudden / rapid / dramatic / significant / sharp / steep | steady / gradual / slow / slight || increase / jump / rise | decrease / drop / fall | fluctuation in the number of (sth.) from ... to ... / between ... and... / in the last …

  4. It is p.p. that…

  It is said / told / reported / estimated / quoted / proved that (No.1 / No.2)

  5. TIME+SAW / WITNESSED / EXPERIENCED+A.+N.+IN

  The last / past 2 decades saw / witnessed / experienced the sharp decline in the cinema admissions.

  十大闪光点之七——理由词汇

  娱乐生活

  1. 放松:relax, take it easy, break, rest

  2. 流行:fashion, chic, popularity, a growing realization, more and more, in increasing number

  3. 孤独:lonely, lonesome, all by oneself

  4. 快乐:happy, gay, pleasure, joyful, enjoy sth. to one’s heart’s content

  5. 疲倦:tiredness, boring, fatigue, weary, dull, monotonous, stereotype, same old story

  6. 闲暇:leisure hours, extra-curriculum activity, after-school, free time, available

  7. 娱乐:entertaining, colorful, interesting, enrich, cultivate, paint

  数据的表达

  倍数(4-fold)

  分数

  小数

  百分比

  量化动词

  比较不同数据

  1. In 1980, 30% of rural dwellers had drinking water compared with 50% 1990.

  2. The students in class A are three times as many as those in class B.

  3. The profit doubled / increase three-fold from May to June.

  4. They made twice the profit in June than in March.

  十大闪光点之十——路线句型

  1. 发展路线

  With the development of living standard…

  Along with the promotion / improvement of science and technology…

  Since the reform and opening-up policy applied…

  2. 群众路线

  All the social members, shall say “No!” to… / shall participate in

  There is a growing realization of the advantages of sth. promoted by …

  Mass media shall play an active role in doing / keep sb. well informed of sth.

  3. 当局路线

  The authorities concerned shall lose no time in doing sth. (put an end to / encourage)

  The local government shall take measures to (bring sth. under control)

  The concerned government departments shall should their responsibility in doing

  4. 法制路线

  Laws and regulations shall be issued…

  NPC and LPC ought to attach great importance to …

  第一段

  1. From the data presented in the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  2. Apart form the figures, the fact below the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture suggest that…

  3. According to the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  4. As (is) shown in the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  5. As can be seen from the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  6. Figures / statistics shows (that)...

  7. It can be seen from the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  8. It is clear from the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  9. The diagram shows describes illustrates how...

  10. The table/chart diagram graph shows (that)...

  11. We can see from the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture,

  12. It is apparent from the table/chart diagram graph figures (that) ...

  13. It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of A has undergone dramatic changes,

  14. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as sth. varies). At the point of (time), A reaches its peak value of…

  15. 20 years of reform and opening up have witnessed great improvement in the material life of the Chinese people.

  16. The bar chart/pie chart/curve graph show… From the diagram, we can have a understanding of the current situation of sth.

  17. The pie chart is divided into (number of) parts. A consumes the largest portion of sth., while B accounts for … and C …

  18. As (is) shown in the… / As can be seen from the … / ... figures statistics shows (that)... / It can be seen from the … / It is clear from the … / It is apparent from the table/chart diagram graph figures (that) ... / Diagram shows describes illustrates how...

  第二段

  1. There are some possible reasons for this change / phenomenon. First, …

  2. Such changes in the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture should own to the following reasons. Firstly, …

  3. There is a variety of reasons for the change / phenomenon in the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture. First of all, …

  4. What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are (number of) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table.

  5. Experts from SASS (Shanghai Academy of Social Science) believe that changes described in the diagram are connected in the following (number of) ways.

  6. There are at least (number of) reasons behind this development.

  7. Amongst numerous reasons, the following (number) are the most distinctive and obvious ones.

  8. The development of human civilization / Chinese society / China’s economy / modern science and technology …

  9. The improvement of people’s living standard / working conditions …

  10. NPC and LPC have attached great importance to …

  11. Authorities concerned have made much progress in The Municipal Government has paved the way for

  12. A growing realization of the advantages of sth. has been promoted.

  13. People in growing number come to realize the importance of …

  14. Needless to say, the fact that sth. has found it way into common household in China attributes to a great extent to the recent sharp / stable decrease in the price of it.

  15. Due to / Thanks to the advent of socialist market economy, people’s living standard rises sharply in the past 2 decades.

  16. Besides this primary factor, moreover, the development of modern science and technology also contributes greatly to the advance of sth.

  17. The growing realization of the advantages of sth promoted by mass media, needless to say, exerts an unavoidable influence on all walks of life as well.

  第三段

  1. As far as I am concerned, …

  2. From the data presented in the graph / pie chart / bar chart / table / diagram / picture, we can conclude that …

  3. the above analysis naturally leads us to the following possible solutions to the problem. First, …

  4. Something must be done to solve the problem. Undoubtedly, we should…

  5. It can be easily proved that …

  6. Consequently / In the end, we can draw the conclusion that…

  7. Therefore, we should realize that…

  8. We have reasons to believe that…

  9. From the above discussions, we have enough reasons to predict (what will happen in the near future). The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken).

  10. It is strongly believed that as long as we work together our common future is very bright, though there is still a long way to struggle before of our shared goal.

  11. We believe that as long as we work together, the people of China will certainly build a better future in the even greater new era.

  泛读

  P17N16, 19, 20, 21, 22

  押题

  网络,电子辞典,留学,兼职,汽车,健身,旅游,压力,手机,收入,交通,产量,充电