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2018年12月英语四级真题及答案下载

  第一套

  听力

  A节

  1. C)在月球上建立手机网络。

  2. A)是稳定的。

  3. B)尚未有受伤报告。

  4. B)拉下空无一人的购物中心。

  5. D)马铃薯供应不足。

  6. C)害怕疾病传播。

  7. A)全球变暖。

  B区

  8. C)无聊

  9. D)她记笔记

  10. A)使她保持活跃

  11. B)帮助她更好地记住自己所学。

  12. A)度过蜜月。

  13. A)纪念公主。

  14. D)它的墙壁上装饰着珠宝。

  15. B)他们大多拥挤。

  C区

  16. C)他们为居民提供所需的资源。

  17. B)激发他们的创造力。

  18. D)他们的人数适度增加。

  19. C)这是不寻常的杂交品种。

  20. A)他们和狗一样忠诚。

  21. C)他们一起洗澡

  22. D)兴奋但有些难过。23. D)从他们出生的那一刻开始。

  24. D)为他们树立榜样。

  25. B)他们的家庭生活。

  阅读

  选词填空

  百万……

  26-30 FBMDG

  香港电讯管理局31-35

  A)能力

  B)相关

  C)自觉

  D)常数

  E)控制

  F)损坏

  G)描述

  H)等于

  我)专

  J)创新

  K)定期

  L)相关

  M)来源

  N)破坏

  O)车辆

  初步匹配

  食品即药物……

  36-40 DBGAI

  41-45 FCJEG(考生请注意:本篇38题和40题均对应G段)

  仔细阅读

  第一章-加利福尼亚……

  46-50 BBADC

  46. B)从地球深处吸水。47. B)认为不值得花费。48. A)地面下沉。49. D)它们提供稳定的淡水供应。

  50. C)由于海水淡化,成本可能会增加。

  第二段-AlphaGo计划的胜利……

  51-55 DCBAC51。D)计算机可以变得高度智能。52. C)当面对道德困境时,他们做出明智的决定。53. B)如何确保超智能AI机器符合道德规范。54. A)她无法区分好坏。55. C)它将被证明对人类而言是宝贵的。

  翻译

  由于通讯网络的迅速发展,近年来中国的智能手机用户正以惊人的速度增长。这极大地改变了许多人的阅读方式。他们经常在智能手机上阅读新闻和文章,而不是购买传统的报纸或杂志。

  众多移动应用程序的开发使人们能够在手机上阅读小说和其他形式的文学作品。结果,印刷书籍的销售受到负面影响。调查显示,尽管智能手机阅读市场稳定增长,但仍有超过一半的成年人更喜欢印刷书籍。

  写作

  在大城市里生活的挑战

  如今,越来越多的大学生选择毕业后在小城市工作,而不是像往年的毕业生那样涌入大城市。就我而言,这种现象是由多种原因造成的。

  首先,大城市的生活和工作压力比小城市要重得多。对于一个大学毕业生来说,要在大城市谋生就需要付出更多的努力,更不用说过舒适的生活了。例如,大城市的房价可能是小城市的几倍。

  消费水平也是如此。更重要的是,我们在大城市获得成功通常需要更长的时间。其次,许多大学毕业生选择在小城市工作,以获得更舒适的环境。小城市的生活方式通常比大城市简单得多,这对于那些想要过上简单生活的人来说更为可取。

  在决定在大城市还是小城市工作时,我宁愿选择后者,因为小城市的生活因其简单而舒适。

  第二套

  听力

  A节

  1. A)建筑物倒塌后,一名男子被拉到安全地带。

  2. C)他正在收集建筑材料。

  3. B)改变英国人对数学的否定看法。

  4. D)小学老师了解基本的数学概念。

  5. D)他从事兼职工作超过20年。

  6. B)他可以改变注意力的焦点。

  7. C)他们很少认出他。

  B区

  8. D)他们在那里看到了商机。

  9. A)提供外资以扩大业务。

  10. C)他们都来自罗马尼亚。

  11. B)在全世界。

  12. B)一起在镇上尝试新餐厅。

  13. D)提供有关本地事件的信息。

  14. C)他们去不同的时尚餐厅吃饭。

  15. B)今年的餐厅周即将开始。

  C区

  16. B)反复将其暴露于蔬菜中。

  17. A)孩子最不喜欢他们。

  18. B)儿童的饮食习惯可以改变。

  19. D)月球上留下了很多垃圾。

  20. A)带回来很昂贵。

  21. C)研究辐射和真空对其材料的影响。

  22. A)它很可能仍然是商务沟通的手段。

  23. B)及时做出回应。

  24. C)不需要答复。

  25. D)避免用大写字母强调。

  阅读

  选词填空

  您曾经使用过电子邮件吗……

  26-30 NBFLC

  31-35 EMKGA

  26. N)警告

  27. B)方便

  28. F)特别是

  29. L)已调查

  30. C)有效

  31. E)亲密的

  32. M)不友好

  33. K)具体

  34. G)主要

  35. A)避免

  初步匹配

  一个可怜的,被遗弃的巴黎男孩如何成为一名顶级厨师

  巴黎繁忙的街道上……

  36-40 GMFCE

  DAHKB 41-45

  仔细阅读

  第一条-大致大小…… 46-50 ADCAB 46. A)安装的安全摄像头可能会侵犯其隐私。47. D)家庭安全摄像机周围的礼节。48. C)个人的好恶。49. A)让客人放松。50. B)可以证明他们的纯真。

  第二阶段-百事可乐将花费…… 51-55 CDACB 51. C)满足对健康食品日益增长的需求。52. D)继续改进其产品。53. A)确保公司的未来发展。54. C)这归因于人们生活方式的改变。55. B)增加研究经费。

  翻译

  现在越来越多的中国人真的不能没有手机。他们中的许多人,包括老年人,都使用应用程序保持联系并扩大他们的朋友圈。他们还可以在手机上购物和查找信息,因为手机易于携带。此外,使用移动应用程序进行通信比使用传统电话便宜。

  但是,这种新趋势导致人们在社交场合过多地依赖手机。实际上,有些年轻人已经沉迷于其中,以至于忽略了与家人和朋友的面对面交流。

  写作

  出国留学的挑战

  如今,尽管他们肯定会面临各种压力,但许多大学毕业生选择出国留学而不是在家中进修。如果我是其中一员,我会选择出国留学,这是我儿时的梦想。

  首先,事实是,当我们留在海外时,我们必须依靠自己来解决可能遇到的任何问题。但是压力会使人变得强大,出国留学可以促进我们的自力更生。这种自立对我们将来是有益的。

  其次,尽管对出国留学有很多担忧,例如安全性,但如果采取适当的预防措施,我们可以确保我们的安全。最后但并非最不重要的一点是,当我们出国留学时,我们可以与来自不同文化背景的人交朋友,并了解其他生活方式。这将有助于树立全球观点,这在这个时代非常重要。

  综上所述,尽管面临压力,但出国留学可以使我们受益匪浅。在仔细权衡出国留学的弊端之后,我仍然认为这是一个优先选择。

  第三套

  听力

  答案同第一套听力或第二套听力

  阅读

  选词填空

  几个月前……

  26-30 IDHCO

  31-35比格

  26. I)补救措施

  27. D)不便

  28. H)推荐

  29. C)犹豫

  30. O)更糟

  31. B)经验

  32. J)害怕

  33. G)受压

  34. L)水槽

  35. E)减轻

  初步匹配

  吃掉在地板上的食物真的可以吗?

  当你跌落……

  36-40 FHLEA

  41-45 NMDKH

  仔细阅读

  第一章-最新的猫研究

  46-50 CCAAB

  46. C)他们具有天生的能力来寻找他们所狩猎的动物。47. C)他们的特殊感知能力。

  48. A)他们依靠自己的直觉。49. A)他们专注于奇怪的事物。

  50. B)它们与人类世界很像地相互作用。

  第二阶段-假设您进入一辆 51-55 AADAC 51 汽车。A)人们将以更加文明的方式驾驶。52. A)他们可以享有更大的流动性。53. D)许多职业司机将不得不寻找新的谋生手段。

  54. A)政治上的不满。

  55. C)使每个人都能从新技术中受益。

  翻译

  在过去的几年中,中国的移动支付市场一直在蓬勃发展。随着移动互联网的兴起,在手机上购物已逐渐成为一种趋势。18至30岁的年轻人构成了移动支付市场上最大的群体。由于现在很容易用手机付款,因此许多消费者在购物时宁愿用手机付款,而不是现金或信用卡付款。

  为了鼓励更多的消费,许多商店向使用移动支付的客户提供折扣。专家预测,中国的移动支付市场在未来仍具有巨大的发展潜力。

  写作

  毕业后开始职业的挑战

  随着就业市场的激烈竞争,作为新手的毕业生可能会面临巨大的困难。首先,大多数毕业生不掌握专业技能,因此他们可能会遇到无法胜任这项工作的挑战。他们在大学的注意力集中在通过各种考试上。因此,无法将他们在教科书中学到的东西运用到实践中是影响他们工作效率的最重要因素。其次,如何与同事相处是他们需要解决的另一个问题。据统计,良好的人际关系可以促进人与人之间信息交流和共享的过程,并增加工作成功的机会。我们可以看到,

  ========== 2018.12四级听力分析师(第 一套)A节

  新闻报道一

  (1)的设备thatweighs不足1千克是一个使命,让scientiststo第四代或4Gmobile覆盖交付给月亮2019.If成功的微型设备将提供月球itsfirst以往手机network.T的一部分,他lunarnetwork该网络将支持月球与地球之间的视频和数据中的高清流传输。该网络是登月任务的一部分。该项目的目标是将第一个私人付费任务降落到月球。4G任务将从开普发射美国的卡纳维拉尔太空飞行队在2019年发射了9枚肯肯号火箭,它计划在月球上建立和测试通信网络的第一部分。(2)T该项目的科学家选择构建4G而不是第五代或5G网络,因为该代网络仍处于测试和试验阶段,这意味着5G网络可能还不够稳定,无法在月球表面工作。

  问题1和2基于您刚刚听到的新闻报道。

  1.科学家计划做什么?

  C)在月球上建立手机网络。

  2.为什么科学家在该任务中选择建立4 G.network?

  A)是稳定的。

  新闻报道二

  消防人员周三晚上在哈伍德的一座废弃购物中心对一场大火做出了反应。据报道,大火发生在晚上9点26分,发生在圣玛丽教堂附近的O购物中心准入大道上,六台消防车,两名负责人的两辆卡车对现场做出了反应。乘员在大约45分钟内控制了火势,并成功控制了火势。火灾发生时建筑物内有人(3),但没有任何伤亡报告。消防调查人员已对现场做出反应,但尚未确定火势,消防人员将继续留守。为了确保不会再起火,直到今天早上才在现场.2002年以来,购物中心一直没有使用过。4)2014年,市政厅制定了一项计划,以拆除该建筑物并将其替换为负担得起的住房,但是由于缺乏资金而放弃了该计划。问题3和4基于您刚刚听到的新闻报道。

  3.新闻对火灾有何评论?

  B)尚未有受伤报告。

  4.市政厅计划做什么?

  B)拉下空无一人的购物中心。

  新闻报道三

  (5)日本土豆片的价格是正常价格的6倍,这是该国主要生产商由于马铃薯短缺而停止销售之后的结果。去年,暴风雨和洪灾及其主要马铃薯种植区造成了超过30年来的最糟糕收成。当地媒体报道称,Kalbe及其主要竞争对手quikiya持有近50种产品,该公司发言人表示,我们不知道何时才能重启产品。零食爱好者大惊小怪,许多超市货架空缺。(6)日本的aneselaws限制了可用于日本制成品的进口土豆的数量,日本表示担心疾病是阻止新鲜进口的主要原因。s仍然仅允许来自美国某些州的马铃薯。这仅在特定时间且条件是它们是在日本港口附近加工的工厂。(7)但是,全球变暖增加了国内生产可能会更频繁地受到罕见的天气影响的可能性。

  问题5至7全部基于您刚刚听到的新闻报道。

  5.日本面临什么问题?

  D)马铃薯供应不足。

  6.日本为什么限制土豆的进口?

  C)害怕疾病传播。

  7.什么会影响日本的国内生产?

  A)全球变暖。

  B区

  对话一

  男:( 8)布朗先生的演讲太无聊了。

  W:是的,他并不是一个令人兴奋的演讲者。但是这个话题很有趣。

  M: during every oneof these letters I try to listen. I really try, but after about ten minutes, mymind begins to wonder and I lose concentration. but I see that you seem to beOK. How do you stay in focus through theentire hour?

  W: well, what I dois keep my pen moving.

  M: what do you mean?

  W:(9)it’s a method of activeconcentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is towrite things down. But it has to be done by hand,NOT typing on a keyboard. You see, writingby hand forces you to actually engage with what you are learning in a more physicalway.

  M: Do you reviewyour notes afterwards then?

  W: sometimes butthat's not important. My notes may or may not be useful. But the point is thatby writing down what Mr. brown says, I can follow his line of thinking moreeasily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M: You draw inclass? And that helps you pay attention?

  W:(10)yes, honestly, it works for me Ijust draw a little lines and normal sense really, it was also in that article Iread. It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate.Again,the point is to listen hard while keepingthe pen moving,(11)if I’mat home I need to study, what I do is read out aloud. It has the similar effect to write by hand,it helps me memorize the information in a physicalway.

  8. What does theman think about Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  C) Dull

  9. What does thewoman do during Mr. Brown’s lectures?

  D) she takes notes

  10. Why does thewoman the draw in class?

  A) it keeps her mind active

  11. What does thewoman say about reading aloud?

  B) it helps herbetter remember what she learns.

  Conversation Two

  M: Where is this?

  F: These photos arefrom the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago (12)for our honey moon.

  M:Was it romantic.

  F:Yeah, the tajmahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love storybehind this building that all Indians learn in the school. I think it wasduring the sixteen hundreds and princess of the time died while giving birth toher fourteenth child, the emperor loved the princess so much and so sad whenshe died that (13) he orderd the palace be built in her honor.

  M: Wow, that soundsvery romantic, it looks amazing.

  F: Yes, It'sgorgeous. It's also large in real life and it looks in the photos. The buildingis very tall and there are gardens and a wall around it all. It's all built inthis white stone.(14)And some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

  M: It must havebeen very crowded when you were there.

  F: Yes, it's a veryfamous tourist destination, so there are thousands of visitors every day

  M: was the rest ofIndia crowded

  F: (15) Yes, verycrowded in many cities, it was sometimes so crowded that it wasdifficult to walk along the streets, especially through busy markets. And thereare so many cars. Traffic was terrible. But the people are friendly, theculture is amazing. And we had a great time.

  M:What about thefood?

  F: Indian food isgreat. There are lots of different dishes to try, and every region has its ownspecial food.

  12. For whatpurpose did the woman go to India?

  A) To spend her honeymoon.

  13. Why was the TajMahal built?

  A) In memory of a princess.

  14. What does thewoman say about the Taj Mahal?

  D) It has walls decorated with jewels.

  15. What is theimpression of the Indian cities.

  B) They are mostly crowded.

  Section C

  Passage One

  Apew research center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 findsthat Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current stateof the local public libraries.(16)For instance, around 3 quarters say that public librariesprovide them with the resources they need.And 66% say the closing of theirlocal public library would have a major impact on their community, althoughnotably just 33% say this would have a major impact on them personally or ontheir family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job ofproviding a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as openingup educational opportunities for people of all ages. (17)And roughly halfthink that libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helpingspark creativity among young peopleand providing a trusted place forpeople to learn about new technologies. As in past pew research center surveysof library use, the April 2016 survey also measured American usage of andengagement with libraries. Overall, 53 percent of Americans, age 16 and older,have had some interaction with a public library in the past year, either throughan in-person visit or using a library website. (18)Some 48 percent ofadults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months, a modest increasefrom the 44 percent who said that in late 2015.

  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have justheard.

  16. What do mostAmericans say about local public libraries?

  C) Theyprovide residents with the resources they need.

  17. How can locallibraries benefit young people?

  B) Byinspiring their creativity.

  18. What does the2016 survey show about adult library users?

  D) Theirnumber increased modestly.

  Passage Two

  (19)ASavannah cat is a cross breed between thedomestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval.Theunusual cross became popular among readers at the end of the 1990s, and in 2001 the International Cat Association accepted it asa new registered breed.The Savannasare tall and slim and can weight up to 9.1 kilograms making them one of thelargest breeds of cats that people can own.They have a spotted coatsimilar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large.(20)Theyare also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty.I can be trainedto walk on a lead at the thatch.And often noted characteristic of theSavannah is it's jumping ability.They are known to jump on top of doorsand high cabinets.Some can leap about 2.5 meters high from a standingposition.Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so arethe Savannahs.They often learn how to open doors and converts.ManySavannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive intowater.(21)Some owners even shower with their Savannah cats.Presentinga water bowl to a Savannah may also prove a challenge.And some will probablybegins at that all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using theirfront paws.

  Questions 19 to 21 all based on the passage youhave just heard.

  19.What do we learn about the Savannah cats?

  C) It is an unusual cross breed.

  20.What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

  A)They are as loyal as dogs.

  21. What do some people do with their Savannahcats?

  C) They shower with them.

  Passage TWO

  (22)Whenchildren start school for the very first time, parents often feel a sense ofexcitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era.This is the start of a new adventure for children. Playingand interacting with new friends sharing.Taking turns and settling into anew routine. But of course, this is not the start of your child's educationwhich in fact become the best. Back then you would have been your child's mostinfluential teachers during this time at home your child would have learnedmore than at any other period in their life.(24)During your child's first year inthe school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to knowthat this is fun and worthwhile. Your child will naturally copy you so,it is important that you are seenreading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbedin screens.Ultimatelyan excellent education should be a close partnership between parents andteachers. A child's years splits fairly neatly into thirds, a third at school,a third at sleep and a third at a week, at home or on holiday. (25)Irrespectiveof the quality of a school a child's home life is of key importance it is thedetermining factor of their academic success. Your child may have started on anew journey but you'll work is far from finished.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  22,当孩子开始上学时,父母感觉如何?

  D)激动但有些难过。

  23.关于儿童的教育,这段话怎么说?

  B)成功取决于父母。

  24.父母应该为子女教育的成功做些什么?

  D)为他们效法树立榜样。

  25.这段话说什么是儿童学业成功的关键因素?

  B)他们的家庭生活。赞