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英语中有趣的一词多义

1)The bandage was wound around the wound.
第一个"wound"是动词"wind"的过去分词,意思是"把……上紧;把……拧紧",如:"to wind a clock"。
第二个"wound"是名词,意思是"伤,负伤",如:"a gun wound(枪伤)","a wound to her pride(伤了她的自尊心)"。
2)The farm was used to produce produce.
第一个"produce"是动词,意思是"出产;生产",如:"to produce wheat(出产小麦)"。
第二个"produce"是名词,意思是"农产品,出产,产品,出品,产物"。
3)The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse.
第一个"refuse"是动词,意思是"拒绝;不接受",如:"She refused to help me.(她不肯帮助我。)"
第二个"refuse"是名词,意思是"废料;垃圾;废物",如:"kitchen refuse(厨房的垃圾)"。
4)We must polish the Polish furniture.
第一个"polish"是动词,意思是"磨光;擦亮",如:"He polished the car.(他擦亮小车。)"
第二个"Polish"意思是"波兰的"。
5)The apple farmer eats what he can,and can what he cannot.
第一、三个"can"是情态动词,意思是"可以;能够",如:"Difficulties can and must be overcome.(困难能够而且必须克服。)"
第二个"can"是及物动词,意思是"把(食品)装罐",如:"Seamen have to live on canned food at sea.(海员在海上航行的时候,只能吃罐头食品。)"
6)The soldier decided to desert his dessert in the desert.
第一个"desert"是动词,是"遗弃;抛弃"的意思,如:"The fort had been hurriedly de- serted.(这堡垒被仓促地放弃了。)"
第二个"desert"是名词,"沙漠;不毛之地"的意思,如:"the Sahara desert(撒哈拉大沙漠)"。
中间还有一个拼写上类似的单词"dessert",意思是"甜食;甜糕点"。

7)Since there is no time like the present,he thought it was time to present the present.
第一个"present"是名词,意思是"现在;目前",如:"for the present(眼前;暂时)","live in the present(生活在现在)"。又如:"There is no time like the present.(没有比现在更好的时刻了。)"
第二个"present"是动词,意思是"赠予;颁发",如:"They presented flowers to their teacher.(他们献花给老师。)"
第三个"present"是名词,意思是"礼物;礼品",如:"He gave his mother a present.(他给了他妈妈一个礼物。)"
8)A bass was painted on the head of the bass drum.
第一个"bass"是名词,意思是"鲈鱼"。
第二个"bass"是形容词,意思是"低音的"。
9)When shot at,the dove dove into the bushes.
第一个"dove"是名词,意思是"鸽子"。
第二个"dove"是动词"dive"的过去式,意思是"跳入;冲入;窜进",如:"He dived into the doorway of a shop.(他闪进了一家店铺的门廊。)"
10)I did not object to the object.
第一个"object"是动词,意思是"反对"。如:"I object to all this noise.(我反对一切噪音。)"
第二个"object"是名词,意思是"目的;目标",如:"He has no object in life.(他没有生活目标。)"
11)The insurance was invalid for the invalid.
第一个"invalid"是形容词,意思是"无效的"。
第二个"invalid"是形容词,意思是"伤残的"。
12)There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.
第一个"row"是名词,意思是"(一)排;(一)行",如:"a row of pots on a shelf(架子上的一排罐子)"。
第二个"row"是动词,意思是"比赛划船",如:"to row against Far East(与远东队比赛划船)"。
13)They were too close to the door to close it.
第一个"close"是形容词,意思是"(常与 to连用)靠近的;近的;接近的",如:"I live close to the shops.(我住得离商店很近。)"。
第二个"close"是动词,意思是"关;闭;封闭"。
14)The buck does funny things when the does are present.
第一个"does"是动词"do"单数第三人称一般现在式。
第二个"does"是名词,意思是"雌鹿"。
15)A sewer fell down into a sewer.
第一个"sewer"是名词,意思是"裁缝"。
第二个"sewer"是名词,意思是"下水道"。
16)To help with planting the farmer taught his sow to sow.
第一个"sow"是名词,意思是"母猪"。
第二个"sow"是动词,意思是"播种",如:"As you sow,so will you reap.(种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。)"
17)Upon seeing the tear in the painting I shed a tear.
第一个"tear"是名词,意思是"破处,破缝"。
第二个"tear"是名词,意思是"眼泪",如:"Tears com e to your eyes when you cry.(当你哭的时候,眼里就会充满泪水。)"
18)I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.
第一个"subject"是动词,意思是"(与to连用)使经历;使遭受",如:"They were subject to great suffering.(他们遭受了巨大痛苦。)"
第二个"subject"是名词,意思是"主题;题目",如:"I was the subject of their talk.(我是他们谈话的话题。)"
19)How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?
第一个"intimate"是动词,意思是"暗示;提示",如:"He intimated a wish to go by saying that it was late.(他流露要走的意思,说时间不早了。)"

第二个"intimate"是形容词,意思是"亲近的;亲密的;熟悉的",如:"Do you believe these two intimate friends used to be mutual sworn enemies?(这两位亲密朋友彼此间过去曾经是不共戴天的死敌,你相信吗?)"
20)Never trouble trouble until trouble troubles you.
第一、四个"trouble"是动词,意思是"麻烦",如:"Can I trouble you to shut the door?(我能麻烦你关上门吗?)"
第二、三个"trouble"是名词,意思是"困难;麻烦;着急;危急;烦恼",如:"The boy caused a lot of trouble to his parents.(这个男孩给他的父母招来很多麻烦。)"