Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension ( 20 minutes )
1. A) She met with Thomas just a few days ago. B) She can help with orientation program.
C) She is not sure she can pass on the message. D) She will certainly try to contact Thomas.
2. A) Set the dinner table. B) Change the light bulb.
C) Clean the dining room. D) Hold the ladder for him.
3. A) He’d like a piece of pie. B) He’d like some coffee.
C) He’d rather stay in the warm room. D) He’d just had dinner with his friends.
4. A) He has managed to sell a number of cars. B) He is contented with his current position.
C) He might get fired. D) He has lost his job.
5. A) Tony’s secretary. B) Paul’s girlfriend.
C) Paul’s colleague. D) Tony’s wife.
6. A) He was fined for running a red light. B) He was caught speeding on a fast lane.
C) He had to run quickly to get the ticket. D) He made a wrong turn at the intersection.
7. A) He has learned a lot from his own mistakes.
B) He is quite experienced in taming wild dogs.
C) He finds reward more effective than punishment.
D) He thinks it important to master basic training skills.
8. A) At a bookstore. B) At the dentist’s. C) In a restaurant. D) In the library.
9. A) He doesn’t want Jenny to get into trouble.
B) He doesn’t agree with the woman’s remark.
C) He thinks Jenny’s workload too heavy at collage.
D) He believes most college students are running wild.
10. A) It was applaudable. B) It was just terrible.
C) The actors were enthusiastic. D) The plot was funny enough.
Question 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) Social work. B) Medical care. C) Applied physics. D) Special education.
12. A) The timely advice from her friends and relatives. B) The two-year professional training she received.
C) Her determination to fulfill her dream. D) Her parents’ consistent moral support.
13. A) To get the funding for the hospitals. B) To help the disabled children there.
C) To train therapists for the children there. D) To set up an institution for the handicapped.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) At a country school in Mexico. B) In a mountain valley of Spain.
C) At a small American college. D) In a small village in Chile.
15. A) By expanding their minds and horizons. B) By financing their elementary education.
C) By setting up a small primary school. D) By setting them an inspiring example.
16. A) She wrote poetry that broke through national barriers.
B) She was a talented designer of original school curriculums.
C) She proved herself to be an active and capable stateswoman.
D) She made outstanding contributions to children’s education.
17. A) She won the 1945 Nobel Prize in Literature.
B) She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize.
C) She translated her books into many languages.
D) She advised many statesmen on international affairs.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on passage you have just heard.
18. A) How animals survive harsh conditions in the wild.
B) How animals alter colors to match their surroundings.
C) How animals protect themselves against predators.
D) How animals learn to disguise themselves effectively.
19. A) Its enormous size. B) Its plant-like appearance.
C) Its instantaneous response. D) Its offensive smell.
20. A) It helps improve their safety. B) It allows them to swim faster.
C) It helps them fight their predators. D) It allows them to avoid twists and turns.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension （35 minutes）
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage
There are good reasons to be troubled by the violence that spreads throughout the media. Movies, television and video games are full of gunplay and bloodshed, and one might reasonably ask what’s wrong with a society that presents videos of domestic violence as entertainment.
Most researchers agree that the causes of real-world violence are complex. A 1993 study by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences listed “biological, individual, family, peer, school, and community factors” as all playing their parts.
Viewing abnormally large amounts of violent television and video games may well contribute to violent behavior in certain individuals. The trouble comes when researchers downplay uncertainties in their studies or overstate the case for causality（因果关系）. Skeptics were dismayed several years ago when a group of societies including the American Medical Association tried to end the debate by issuing a joint statement: “At this time, well over 1,000 studies… point overwhelmingly to a causal connection between media violence and aggressive behavior in some children.”
Freedom-of-speech advocates accused the societies of catering to politicians, and even disputed the number of studies (most were review articles and essays, they said). When Jonathan Freedman, a social psychologist at the University of Toronto, reviewed the literature, he found only 200 or so studies of television-watching and aggression. And when he weeded out “the most doubtful measures of aggression”, only 28% supported a connection.
The critical point here is causality. The alarmists say they have proved that violent media cause aggression. Butn the assumptions behind their observations need to be examined. When labeling games as violent or non-violent, should a hero eating a ghost really be counted as a violent event? And when experimenters record the time it takes game players to read “aggressive” or “non-aggressive” words from a list, can we be sure what they are actually measuring? The intent of the new Harvard Center on Media and Child Health to collect and standardize studies of media violence in order to compare their methodologies, assumptions and conclusions is an important step in the right direction.
Another appropriate step would be to tone down the criticism until we know more. Several researchers write, speak and testify quite a lot on the threat posed by violence in the media. That is, of course, their privilege. But when doing so, they often come out with statements that the matter has now been settled, drawing criticism from colleagues. In response, the alarmists accuse critics and news reporters of being deceived by the entertainment industry. Such clashes help neither science nor society.